The Edict of Milan outstanding for its role in the modern European civilization celebrates its anniversary in 2013. In summer 313 in Mediolan (Milan) two emperors, Constantine the Great and Licinius, concluded an act which laid foundation for Christianity in the West and the East – so called the Edict of religious tolerance (the Edict of Milan). Having granted the religious freedom in the Roman Empire and enabled the Church with legal and official power, Constantine the Great and Licinius reaffirmed the significant role of Christianity as a spiritual and cultural platform for Middle Ages countries.
The spirit and content of the Edict of Milan is more advanced and tolerant than it might be in the Middle Ages. The main idea of the Edict consists in religious tolerance which is regarded as universal and inalienable human right. The religious freedom of a human being in the Edict is associated with the immunity of property rights. According to august law-makers, legislation must defend these both subjects.
The issue of the Edict on the religious tolerance and ideas laid in it as well as its significant historical and cultural impact on countries and nations of Eastern and Western Europe, Turkey and Middle East could provide a basis for the roundtable. Problems raised in it will follow the line of the previous Forum’s roundtable "Byzantine Heritage and its Meaning for the European Civilization". Thus the roundtable will focus on such fundamental aspects of modern culture as tolerance and human rights that were largely influenced by the Christian Roman (Byzantine) civilization.
Moreover this anniversary will serve as a ground for discussion on challenges and differences of the modern Western and Eastern European civilizations, of Islamic world in the view of their common Hellenic-Roman cultural heritage, which converted into Christian civilization in the beginning of the Middle Ages.
In the framework of the roundtable prominent experts from Russia and Turkey, Western and Southern Europe are supposed to speak and the relevant issues of the "Dialogue of Civilizations" will be discussed.
Main Vectors of Discussion: World Heritage of the Christian Byzantine Civilization; Historical Destiny of the Edict of Milan and its significance in the contemporary world; Notion of religious tolerance, its forms in civilizations of East and West, its legislative implementations in the Past and in the Present