Migration is today a key factor to sustaining development in industrialized countries worldwide – including Russia, and to obtaining development in other countries. It meets skills and labor demand in developed economies, ensuring competitive labor forces and sustaining otherwise non-viable economic sectors and enterprises. Through remittances, migration enhances human development in origin countries by improving housing, nutrition, education and healthcare and stimulating local economic activity. Today, much dialogue between civilizations and among communities takes place worldwide through migration. However, without respect for rights and mutual respect, migrants are easily turned into scapegoats especially in times of economic and employment crises. But restrictive migration policies will compound future economic difficulties for many countries. Global deficits of skilled and trained persons mushroom while unmet demand grows. Environmental degradation accelerated by climate change displaces growing numbers of people. Meanwhile, conditions are not improving for many people in many countries, leading to rising frustration and discontent. In this context, informed international dialogue across the globe among governments, international bodies and civil society is of paramount importance.
The purposes of the Roundtable are to analyze contemporary migration challenges in context of global economic, demographic and environmental trends, to find paths to resolve risks, and to balance interests of migration partner countries, their populations and migrants. Recognizing that the Rhodes Forum can make a significant contribution to global dialogue on migration, the Roundtable will identify good policies and practices on migration governance, on integration and on international cooperation.
Main Vectors of Discussion: What are needs for migrant skills and labor during economic downturns? What skills and labor will be needed to obtain and sustain recovery and growth?; How to reconcile paradoxes between rising unemployment and presence of (im)migrants?; What are key global challenges for governance of migration, such as regarding skills and labor mobility, environmental displacement, regional economic integration, discrimination and xenophobia? What are key lines of response or resolution of these challenges?; What are respective roles and responsibilities of the State (government), employers (private sector), and civil society in addressing migration challenges?; Does integrating migrants mean assimilation into the civilization of the host society? Or does it imply a mutual accommodation that may in some way affect the host society?; What challenges does migration pose to national identities, to national values, to national cultures of host countries? What opportunities does it offer? ; What innovations in the fields of migration governance and integration of migrants deserve consideration and dissemination?