Seven years ago, Chief Judge Robert A. Katzmann of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit issued a call to arms to the New York legal community. Sitting on a court where immigration cases had swelled to occupy 40% of the docket he identified a crisis -- an immigrant representation crisis. It was a crisis both in the poor quality of the immigrant representation he observed and in the quantity of available representation, as many immigrants had no counsel whatsoever. The crisis prompted Judge Katzmann to convene a study group to consider innovative approaches to closing the justice gap for immigrants. In recent years, the groups efforts have born tremendous fruit in the form of two of the most ambitious and impactful immigrant representation initiatives in the nations: the Immigrant Justice Corps (IJC) & the New York Immigrant Family Unity Project (NYIFUP). This panel will be moderated by Judge Katzmann and he, together with Professor Peter L. Markowitz, Interim Executive Director of the IJC and Angela Fernandez, Executive Director of the Northern Manhattan Coalition for Immigrant Rights and one of the co-founders of the NYIFUP, will discuss these exciting new initiatives.